Cooling And Heating Requirements – Excel Rac Tue, 28 Jun 2022 10:05:00 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Cooling And Heating Requirements – Excel Rac 32 32 Rapid Heat Treatment in Semiconductor Manufacturing Tue, 28 Jun 2022 10:05:00 +0000

This article discusses the role of rapid heat treatment (RTP) in the semiconductor manufacturing process.

Image Credit: Gorodenkoff/

What is RTP?

RTP is a semiconductor fabrication technique in which silicon wafers are heated to temperatures above 1000 ohC using lasers or high intensity lamps for a few seconds. During wafer cooling, wafer temperatures are gradually reduced to prevent wafer breakage and dislocations due to thermal shock.

RTP is more efficient than conventional furnace annealing because it produces higher silicides and oxides and reduces thermal budget/integral of temperature and time. Other advantages of RTP include lower manufacturing cost, ease of process development, high throughput, and process consistency.

An RTP system is typically used to process silicon wafers to manufacture semiconductors for high-speed computing applications and computing devices. Single wafer processing produces the best uniformity, especially for large wafer sizes.

RTP systems perform heat-related manufacturing steps such as chemical vapor deposition, thin dielectric film formation, and annealing. Annealing is used to add impurities to the semiconductor by thermally activated diffusion.

Importance of Efficient RTP Systems in Semiconductor Manufacturing

A nearly uniform temperature distribution must be maintained across the wafer during the transient and steady state situations of the annealing process to achieve uniform resistivity and conductivity throughout the wafer. In addition, the uniform temperature distribution must be obtained for different operating conditions, including different gases, pressures and process temperatures.

An RTP system must be able to alter the spatial distribution of radiant energy flux to the wafer to maintain temperature uniformity under different process conditions, since wafer temperature uniformity requirements vary with different Working conditions.

An RTP system with several independently controlled concentric circular rings of lamps, such as Stanford’s Rapid Thermal Multiprocessor (RTM), can be used to meet this requirement.

In the Stanford RTM, an automatic control strategy is used to control the power of each of the three zones of the lamp to achieve a uniform temperature across the wafer under transient and steady state conditions. The control strategy uses a multi-point sensor reading to provide real-time temperature distribution measurement.

In an article published in SPIE Acts for Rapid Thermal and Integrated Treatmentthe researchers derived a first-principle lower-order model of semiconductor wafer RTPs and experimentally verified the model at torr pressure and an operating temperature range of 400 ohC to 900 ohC in an inert nitrogen medium.

Researchers also developed an automatic multivariable controller for multipoint sensor and multizone lamp RTP systems and applied it to RTM. In the real-time multivariable controller, a look-ahead mechanism was used to predict temperature transients and a feedback mechanism was used to correct prediction errors.

Ease of implementation and identification of predictive applications in temperature control and real-time signal processing was the main advantage of the lower-order model over the detailed model. Nonlinear effects of temperature were demonstrated to validate the model.

The controller was successfully applied to achieve a ramp of 20 ohC to 900 ohC at age 45 ohC/second with less than 15 ohC non-uniformity during the ramp and less than 1 ohC average non-uniformity during hold at 900 ohC for five minutes.

Controller performance was satisfactory in the presence of several challenges, including system nonlinearities, sensor noise, actuator saturation, slow disturbances, and large delays. Thus, the results demonstrated that the automatic multivariable controller can help achieve wafer temperature uniformity under different process conditions in an RTP system.

In another study published in the Mathematics in Industry Case Study Review, researchers derived a model of radiative heat transfer that occurs in an axially symmetric RTP chamber using form factor theory and used the model to predict the influence of chamber materials and geometry on the temperature uniformity of the silicon wafer.

A series of numerical experiments were performed to predict the effects of shower head reflectivity and size, chamber height, and guard ring on temperature uniformity across the wafer.

The results showed improved wafer temperature uniformity when the showerhead radius was the same or greater than the outer radius of the guard ring. However, the size of the chamber should be less than 300mm in diameter to ensure that the radius of the shower head is smaller than the radius of the chamber.

Similarly, temperature uniformity across the wafer increased with increasing guard ring radius, indicating the effectiveness of larger rings in achieving uniform temperature. However, guard rings should be less than 1 inch wide for practicality, as larger rings require more power to stay warm, making the process expensive.

Lower reflectivity led to a more uniform temperature across the wafer. However, some reflectivity was helpful in minimizing the amount of power required from the lamp to reach the maximum temperatures. The best temperature uniformity was achieved in the smallest chamber height.

The optimal control of rapid thermal annealing (RTA) is used to fabricate the ultra-shallow junctions required in microelectronic devices. In a study published in the Process Control Logthe researchers designed a state-of-the-art annealing program that can optimize junction depth by limiting sheet resistance.

The study demonstrated that the optimal RTA program can minimize transient enhanced diffusion (TED) while achieving the desired sheet strength consisting of fast linear cooling and heating profiles.

Model-based optimal control directly calculated the maximum annealing temperature and avoided the commonly used heuristic and trial-and-error approach, reducing the cost of identifying the optimal annealing schedule and the number of experiments.

Observations from worst-case analysis of optimal junction depth indicated the need to improve existing RTA controllers and metrology to minimize control implementation inaccuracies.

RTP limits

Non-thermal equilibrium conditions in RTP make modeling and prediction difficult, while absolute temperatures remain unknown. Additionally, uniform heating is extremely critical in RTP compared to traditional baking due to the high ramp rates that lead to stress.

Recent studies involving RTP

In a study published in the journal Advanced functional materialsresearchers have demonstrated a new method for making kusachiite (CuBi2O4) photoelectrodes with improved photo-electrochemical stability and charge separation.

Dibismuth trioxide (Bi2O3) and copper oxide (CuO) layers were sequentially deposited on fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) substrates using pulsed laser deposition (PLD), followed by RTP for 10 min at 650 ohC to obtain highly crystalline and phase-pure CuBi2O4 movies.

The combined PLD and RTP approach allowed excellent control of the Bi:Cu stoichiometry, resulting in the synthesis of CuBi2O4 photoelectrodes with superior electronic properties compared to photoelectrodes obtained by spray pyrolysis.

Uncoated CuBi synthesized2O4 the photoelectrodes showed only a 26% reduction in photocurrent after five hours, which represented the highest stability of this material reported so far. The results demonstrated that the RTP/PLD fabrication approach offered new possibilities to fabricate highly crystalline complex metal oxide photoelectrodes with good electronic properties at higher temperatures.

In summary, RTP has become indispensable in semiconductor manufacturing as it satisfies both production and device requirements, and the technique will contribute to future advances in microelectronics technologies.

More from AZoM: What is Glow Discharge Optical Emission Spectrometry

References and further reading

Saraswat, K., Kailath, T., Franklin, G., Boyd, S., Balemi, S., Hoffmann, G., Gyugyi, P., Norman, S., Park, P., Cho, Y., Schaper, C. (1991). Modeling and control of rapid heat treatments. SPIE Acts for Rapid Thermal and Integrated Treatment. DOI: 10.1117/12.56658.

Wacher, A., Seymour, BR (2011). A radiation model of a rapid heat treatment system. Mathematics in Industry Case Study Review3, 1-18.

Gunawan, R., Jung, MYL, Seebauer, EG, Braatz, RD (2004) Optimal control of rapid thermal annealing in a semiconductor process. Process Control Log14, 4, 423-430.

Rapid heat treatment. [Online]. (Accessed June 26, 2022)

Gottesman, R., Song, A., Levine, I., Krause, M., Islam, ATMN, Abou-Ras, D., Dittrich, T., van de Krol, R., Chemseddine, A. (2020). pure CuBi2O4 Photoelectrodes with increased stability by rapid heat treatment of Bi2O3/CuO grown by pulsed laser deposition. Advanced functional materials.

Disclaimer: The views expressed here are those of the author expressed privately and do not necessarily represent the views of Limited T/A AZoNetwork, the owner and operator of this website. This disclaimer forms part of the terms of use of this website.

BBB Tip: Purchasing and Maintaining Your Heating and Air Conditioning (HVAC) Systems Sat, 25 Jun 2022 13:36:08 +0000

Texas residents are already experiencing triple-digit temperatures this year, with meteorologists forecasting a continued heat wave across much of the Lone Star State.

Whether you’re a newcomer to Texas or a seasoned resident, staying cool during record-breaking temperatures this summer will be important. With about three months of summer remaining, chances are the current heatwave won’t be the last this year. Unfortunately, many Texans find that their air conditioning units are not able to meet their needs and may be looking for a reputable company to service their current unit or install a new one. Although many considerations that consumers must take into account when hiring an HVAC contractor are similar to hiring any other contractorthere are a few that are specific to heating and cooling.

Heating and cooling systems are among the biggest energy expenditures in a typical home, so it’s important to make sure they’re running as efficiently as possible. The cost of any appliance, including air conditioners, consists of three components: the purchase price, the cost of repairs and maintenance, and the cost of operation.

HVAC Buying and Installation Tips

Before buying a new unit, perform an energy audit to help you detect energy waste, assess the efficiency of your current system, and determine if the air conditioning is moving properly. Many utility companies offer free or low-cost energy audits, but you can also hire a specialist to perform a more comprehensive audit. Keep in mind that hiring a specialist will likely cost more, but their experience is often invaluable when purchasing new systems.

Take steps to air-condition your home to keep cold air in and warm air out, or vice versa in the winter. Check caulking and weather stripping around doors and windows, as well as wall and ceiling insulation. Weatherizing your home may be all you need to help your air conditioning unit maintain a cool temperature inside and will help reduce energy requirements. A properly weathered house can also allow you to install a smaller, less expensive system to achieve the same results.

Consider energy efficiency early in your decision-making process. All air conditioning units must meet minimum energy efficiency standards set by the Department of Energy, but many products exceed the standard, reducing energy consumption to run and operate the system. Be sure to check whether your energy provider offers cash rebates or tax breaks for the purchase and use of energy-efficient products and take this into account when comparing energy efficiency and operating costs. different systems.

After your new system is installed, the contractor must provide at least one free call-back service to verify proper operation. Check that this service is included in the written agreement. Many contractors also offer service contracts that often include a limited number of service calls per year and emergency repair service. If you decide to participate in a service contract, make sure it describes the parts and services provided and does not duplicate the coverage you already have under your new system’s warranty.

HVAC maintenance and repair tips

Keeping your system well maintained will extend system life and save you money. Spring or early summer are the best times for servicing cooling systems, while summer or fall are ideal times for servicing your furnace. You can also perform routine maintenance yourself by replacing disposable filters or cleaning permanent filters. Before calling an HVAC contractor, check your system model and take the time to understand the licensing and insurance requirements for contractors. Find more information about licensing requirements and verify that your contractor has a valid license, recognized by the Texas Department of Licensing and Regulation, by searching for the contractor’s name on

If you need repairs, be sure to get several written estimates for the job. BBB recommends obtaining an estimate from at least three contractors before making a final decision to help consumers understand the standard project price and have an informed discussion with the chosen contractor. Estimates must include a full description of additional work required to install ductwork, dampers, electrical wiring and any other work required.

Find trusted and approved HVAC contractors near you at and review other home maintenance tips at

NEWS ANALYSIS: Regional school merger committee has done a great job, but problems may arise Thu, 23 Jun 2022 21:30:04 +0000

South Berkshire County—The Task of the Eight Town Regional School District Planning Board is monumental, and, if his recommendation for school consolidation is approved by voters, the result would mark an impressive milestone: the first amalgamation of two regional school districts in state history.

But at this point, it’s a big “if”, because there are more and more signs of trouble to come. When formed in early 2020, just before the COVID-19 pandemic took hold, the board considered ways to make Berkshire Hills and South Berkshire Regional School Districts more efficient while expanding offerings. academic and extracurricular activities for students in both districts.

The oversized 23-member volunteer board includes members who are public servants or general citizens in all eight cities. Options considered ranged from increased sharing of services to an outright amalgamation of the two small rural districts.

Guided by a state-defined processadvice is talented consulting teamled by Jake Eberwein, former superintendent of Pittsfield and Lee schools, recommended that the two local school districts form a single district that keeps the towns’ elementary schools intact, with grades 9–12 housed in a new high school in Great Barrington.

Sheffeld’s Mount Everett Regional School, which currently houses grades 7-12 in the Southern District, would be ‘repurposed’, while the rest of the campus, including Undermountain Elementary School, would remain open for business .

The facade of the aging Monument Mountain Regional High School. Photo by Heather Bellow

It was an undeniably bold and visionary move, one that could change the lives of thousands of schoolchildren down the generations. But as the saying goes, the devil is in the details or, as a similar aphorism goes, “God is in the details”, which means whatever you do, be thorough. Or, to put it more bluntly, details are super important.

By a 16-to-6 margin, the board voted in April to explore the latter option, one that would send SBRSD high school students to a new Monument Mountain Regional High School. For those clamoring for the aforementioned details, the board and its team will dig deeper into the proposal and do more research on the plan’s implications and logistics before sending it out to voters, likely next year.

On many levels, the proposal makes a lot of sense. The most alarming are the demographic history and projections set up by the research team. Enrollment at Berkshire Hills, which includes Great Barrington, Stockbridge and West Stockbridge, has fallen from 1,612 students in 2000 to 1,163 in 2020. By 2030, projections predict the loss of almost 200 more students, a drop by more than 45% compared to the course of 30 years.

Even more startling are the losses suffered in South Berkshire, which includes five towns near the Connecticut border in the lower part of the county. SBRSD enrollment peaked at 1,072 in 2000 and is expected to drop to 430 by 2030, a staggering loss of more than 62% over 30 years.

This sharp downward trend in the student population is caused by several factors: the loss of full-time population as more permanent residents retire and sell to part-time workers, fewer recent graduates settle in the area due to lack of economic opportunity and lower birth rates in our area of ​​the country.

In a hallway at Monument Mountain Regional High School, barrels collected rainwater that leaked from the ceiling before the roof was repaired a few years ago. Photo by Ben Bellow.

The consequences of this decline in the student population are potentially crippling. If, for example, Mount Everett had a school-age population of 132 students, as projections suggest by 2030, it would be nearly impossible to operate a comprehensive high school.

With around 33 students in each class, offerings at all levels would be tight. Interscholastic athletics and co-curricular extracurricular activities would be severely restricted. Advanced placement courses would be virtually impossible to offer, crippling the ability of some students to gain admission to highly selective colleges.

Unused classrooms would become the order of the day and, worst of all, the cost per student would skyrocket. It seems counter-intuitive, but the smaller the schools, the more expensive they become. This is due to the fixed costs associated with running a school district, including heating and cooling spaces, maintaining buildings and grounds, and continuing to operate bus routes with nearly empty vehicles. . And administration is highly unlikely to decrease, largely because of state law and compliance requirements, paperwork and oversight costs for small school districts are comparable, whether there has 4,000 students or 400.

The situation for Berkshire Hills is not so bleak, in part due to the size of Great Barrington, the district’s largest sending town. It seems Berkshire Hills’ most pressing need is for a new high school to replace the aging landmark. And therein lies the problem.

Jane Burke. Edge file photo.

There have been whispers, given recently by Jane Burke of New Marlborough, an RSDPB member and chair of the South Berkshire Regional School Board, that the main reason Berkshire Hills is pursuing the merger of the two districts is to bring the South Berkshire to share in the costs of a new secondary school. But Berkshire Hills officials were quick to dismiss that conjecture, insisting that, at most, South Berkshire ratepayers could pick up 10% of the costs, which is far lower than the percentage of Monument students that South from Berkshire would send to school.

Some parents in South Berkshire rightly fear they will lose their collective identity if their children are bused to a new high school in Great Barrington. But the new school will in all likelihood have a significantly expanded Vocational-Vocational-Technical Education (CVTE) curriculum, which would provide greater non-university preparation choices for students across the region, including South Berkshire.

Voters in all eight cities must approve the proposal for it to go further. It’s a heavyweight, given the level of skepticism that has arisen over the past few months. Although they did not take a formal vote on the matter, members of Egremont’s finance committee seem highly skeptical of the proposal.

Additionally, three Egremont members of the RSDPB, George McGurn, Danile Jordan Kelly and Tom Berkle published a statement recently listing eight “main reasons” why they voted against the proposed merger. The full statement was originally sent to Eileen Mooney’s NEWSletter at her request.

Among the reasons for the no-votes: they want to see a CVTE facility as “a self-contained campus with a unique taxation mechanism that is philosophically and economically defensible”; the current proposal would “free up currently underutilized assets”; debt securities; and the “structure and governance of the new eight-city agreement.”

It’s possible that Egremont is an outlier in his strong opposition. After all, when the South Berkshire School Board decided to close South Egremont Community School five years ago, the town sued the school board, although it later settled. But, judging by social media posts, skepticism over the merger also runs deep in Sheffield. Either way, all it takes is for one city to reject the proposal and all of the RSDPB’s work falls through.

Meanwhile, both districts are stepping up their public relations efforts. Southern Berkshire has contracted marketing and communications specialist Cas Londergan of SMT to assist with district messaging. His most recent effort was a press release touting the district’s new technology course offerings, which include “information technology, computer programming, and cybersecurity.”

In February, the Berkshire Hills School Board voted to add a new position: Community Engagement Specialist.

The district continues its quest for a new high school, which received a boost in March when the Massachusetts School Building Authority agreed to consider the project for state funding. Additionally, the district’s three member cities gave the go-ahead this spring for the district to borrow $1.5 million to fund a feasibility and schematic study for the new high school.

Berkshire Hills Regional School District superintendent Peter Dillon. Photo by David Scribner.

Superintendent Peter Dillon said the study would consider two options for a new school: one for the population of Berkshire Hills only and another for a school that could accommodate students from both districts. The district recently sent a Press release on the feasibility study.

Rebuilding Monument has twice been rejected by voters, once in 2013 and again 12 months later. Both price tags were over $50 million. This time around, there is obviously more community support, even in Great Barrington, which effectively vetoed both proposals the first and second time around. The price to be paid eight years later will surely be considerably higher due to inflation, labor shortages and supply chain issues. But if the two districts do in fact merge, it could add up to 6 percentage points to the MSBA reimbursement formula.

Yes, the details are to be worked out by the RSDPB, but please be patient. It took a long time to get there. The state has set up a complicated and comprehensive processofficially known as Chapter 71 Article 14to guide school districts in reviewing mergers and consolidations.

Want to weigh in on the merger proposal? The RSDPB is hosting a pair of community contribution sessions via Zoom on June 28 and 30 from 5:30-7:30 p.m. Click here to register for one of the sessions.

6 ways Americans plan to pay for their funerals Tue, 21 Jun 2022 18:45:23 +0000
Kzenon /

Few of us like to think about the day when we will get rid of this death spiral. But by planning our death, we ease some of the burden that grieving loved ones will face after we are gone.

Recently, Choice Mutual Insurance Agency – which specializes in final expense policies – surveyed 1,500 people and asked them how they planned to pay funeral expenses.

Here are the main ways they mentioned.

1. Life insurance or final expense policy

senior couple life insurance
Rocket Stock /

Respondents who expect their funeral expenses to be covered in this way: 38%

A large number of people – more than 1 in 3 – consider using a specific insurance policy to finance their funeral.

If you’re looking for such coverage, check out “Consumers Rate These Top 10 Life Insurance Companies.”

2. Personal funds set aside

senior man holding money
Prostock-studio /

Respondents who expect their funeral expenses to be covered in this way: 19%

Some people are lucky enough to have enough extra money in retirement that they don’t have to buy insurance. These people are confident that they have enough savings that their loved ones don’t have to foot the bill.

If you’re hoping to find yourself in such an enviable position, read “10 Guaranteed Ways to Retire Wealthy.”

3. My family will be fine

Couple at a funeral
Pixel-Shot /

Respondents who expect their funeral expenses to be covered in this way: 17%

You don’t know how to finance your funeral? Perhaps the best option is to simply cast!

About 1 in 6 people say they will let their loved ones decide how to pay the funeral costs. It may not be the most responsible position to take, but some people are too busy living their lives to think about what will happen after they die.

Other methods

elderly woman in a wheelchair
Half Point /

Respondents mentioned several other ways to pay for funeral expenses. They include the following methods:

  • Prepaid funeral package: 8%
  • Use the legacy I leave: 7%
  • Crowdfunding: 7%

Disclosure: The information you read here is always objective. However, we sometimes receive compensation when you click on links in our stories.

6 Best Home Appliances That Must Be Bought On Amazon’s Sale Deals Today Sat, 18 Jun 2022 01:10:00 +0000

Today’s Amazon sale deals include the price drop on everyday appliances you’ve always wanted. Whether you already have them at home or not, upgrade them with these chic products from Amazon that are now available at discounted prices. Here we’ve picked out the 6 best deals to steal from the sale! From kitchen appliances to cleaning appliances, make your life smarter with these home appliances.

Here are 6 Amazon Appliances Sale Deals Today

Amazon’s daily deals offer the best products at discounted prices and now is the time for you to get shopping!

1. Espresso and Americano machine

If you want to indulge in cafe-quality coffees at home, this espresso and Americano machine will fulfill your wish in a jiffy. Now you can brew the perfect barista-style coffee at home. This coffee maker is a lifesaver for coffee lovers.

Price: Rs 15499

Deal: Rs 13499

Buy now

2. Microwave oven

Bake cakes, make delicious pizzas and explore your creativity in the kitchen with this stylish oven. It is suitable for the daily cooking and heating needs of a family of 4 to 6 people and has a convection function that allows you to cook, broil, bake, defrost and even preheat the microwave with a simple touch. push of a button.


Price: Rs 19999

Deal: Rs 10999

Buy now

3. Refrigerator

We really can’t imagine a house without a fridge! Prepare those fresh ice creams and fresh juices and even save food for later, this home appliance is very important and necessary. This aesthetically designed fridge has an A+ energy-saving rating: meaning it’s efficient but easy to save.


Price: Rs 74,999

Deal: Rs 54,999

Buy now

4. Samsung washing machine

The 6.5kg Samsung Fully Automatic Top Load Washing Machine offers excellent washing quality and easy-to-use operations. It has a total of 6 washing programs, namely normal, quick, delicate, soak, normal, energy saving and ecological tub cleaning functions. It also comes with an intuitive LED control panel to spy on the machine while it’s in use.


Price: Rs 16800

Deal: Rs 14,590

Buy now

5. Robot vacuum cleaner

Here’s a carefully designed cleaning system with dual side brushes and powerful suction that effectively loosens, lifts and vacuums dirt, hair and debris, while cleaning the floor. The device comes with a cloth that attaches to the ROBO33.


Price: Rs 15999

Deal: Rs 5999

Buy now

6. Desert Air Cooler

Even though summer is fading, the heat waves are not. That’s why you should get this specially designed air cooler with a hexagonal design, providing maximum cooling with minimum water consumption. It also features fan cooling for efficient air circulation.


Price: Rs 13,890

Deal: Rs 8999

Buy now

What are you waiting for? Grab one of these premium home appliances from Amazon deals today and make your life easier. Whether you agree or not, these devices will help you escape from the daily mess and procedures make your life smarter.

Disclaimer: The article contains sponsored links. Content is created by Pinkvilla.

Recommended items:

Amazon Sale: 7 Discounted Blender Grinders to Improve Your Kitchen

Amazon Sale: 7 best kitchen and home appliances at great prices that will make your life smarter

Amazon Sale: 7 Cool Hats To Wear This Summer Under Rs 999 ]]> Ductless Heating and Cooling Systems Market Global Industrial Research Analysis and Forecast 2022 To 2027 Wed, 15 Jun 2022 06:24:50 +0000

The Ductless Heating and Cooling Systems Market The research survey covers quantitative and qualitative analysis of each type to identify the driving forces of the fastest growing type segment in the Ductless Heating and Cooling Systems Market. The competitive picture of the Ductless Heating and Cooling Systems market includes vendor details along with market potential, company overview, presence, sales and revenue of the Ductless Heating and Cooling Systems market. ductless heating and cooling, the company’s total revenue, market share, price, SWOT analysis, production sites and product. launch facilities.

This research study breaks down the sales, revenue and market share of each Ductless Heating and Cooling System for each player. The document studies the parent market dynamics, macroeconomic measure values, and control components from top to bottom. Further, the study examines the subjective impact of various market aspects on the divisions and geologies of the Ductless Heating and Cooling Systems market.

Main Drivers and Obstacles:

High-impacting factors and rendering drivers have been studied in the Ductless Heating and Cooling Systems market report to help readers understand the overall development. Additionally, the report contains restrictions and challenges that may hinder players. This will help users pay attention and make informed trading decisions. The specialists also looked at the next business prospects.

In its latest report, ReportsGlobe offers a comprehensive overview of Ductless Heating and Cooling Systems Market with a focus on keyword dynamics including driving forces, restraints, opportunities, trends and insights details about the structure of the Ductless Heating and Cooling Systems market. Sales of Ductless Heating & Cooling Systems in the global market will increase as business and advanced technologies increase. With the covid-19 epidemic, companies have become very dependent on digital platforms to survive.

Major Players Covered in Ductless Heating and Cooling Systems Markets:

  • AAON Heating and Cooling Products
  • Daikin Industries
  • ABB
  • Hitachi
  • Emerson Climate Technologies
  • Mitsubishi Electric
  • United Technologies

    Ductless Heating and Cooling Systems Market Split By Type:

  • Split systems
  • Window air conditioning systems

    Ductless Heating and Cooling Systems Market Split By Application:

  • Residential buildings
  • Commercial buildings
  • Industrial buildings

    Ductless Heating and Cooling Systems Market Segment Analysis

    The market study explores new data in the Ductless Heating and Cooling Systems market report. It examines the market size in terms of the value of each segment, as well as how market dynamics are likely to change over time. The report then divides this information into types and proposed applications, with a geographical breakdown (North America, Asia, Europe, and Rest of the World). In addition, the report examines the structure of the industry, offers estimates of growth, forecast period, revenue value, and volume in industrial applications, and sheds light on industry competition.

    Scope of the Ductless Heating and Cooling Systems Market Report


    The description






    2022 to 2028




    Types, applications, end users, and more.


    Revenue Forecast, Business Ranking, Competitive Landscape, Growth Factors and Trends


    North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America, Middle East and Africa

    Regional Analysis For Ductless Heating And Cooling Systems Market:

    The Ductless Heating and Cooling Systems market research report details current market trends, development outline, and several research methodologies. It illustrates the key factors that directly manipulate the market, for example, production strategies, development platforms, and product portfolio. According to our researchers, even minor changes in product profiles could lead to huge disruptions in the factors mentioned above.

    • North America includes the United States, Canada and Mexico
    • Europe includes Germany, France, UK, Italy, Spain
    • South America includes Colombia, Argentina, Nigeria and Chile
    • Asia Pacific includes Japan, China, Korea, India, Saudi Arabia and Southeast Asia

    Goals and Objectives of the Ductless Heating and Cooling Systems Market Research

    • Understanding the opportunities and advancements in Ductless Heating & Cooling Systems determines the market strengths, along with the key regions and countries involved in the market growth.
    • Study the various segments of the ductless heating and cooling systems market and the dynamics of the ductless heating and cooling systems in the market.
    • Categorize the Ductless Heating and Cooling Systems segments with increasing growth potential and assess the market for the futuristic segment.
    • To analyze the most important trends related to the various segments which help decipher and convince the Ductless Heating and Cooling Systems market.
    • Check region-specific growth and development in the Ductless Heating and Cooling Systems Market.
    • Understand the major players in the Ductless Heating and Cooling Systems market and the value of the competitive image of the Ductless Heating and Cooling Systems market leaders.
    • To study the key plans, initiatives, and strategies for the development of the Ductless Heating and Cooling Systems Market.

    The study thoroughly examines the profiles of major market players and their key financial aspects. This comprehensive business analysis report is useful for all new and existing participants when designing their business strategies. This report covers Ductless Heating & Cooling Systems production, revenue, market share and growth rate for each key company and covers the breakdown data (production, consumption, revenue and market share) by regions, type and apps. Historical venting data for ductless heating and cooling systems from 2016-2021 and forecast for 2022-2028.

    Global Ductless Heating and Cooling Systems Market Research Report 2022-2028

    Chapter 1 Ductless Heating and Cooling Systems Market Overview

    Chapter 2 Global Economic Impact on Industry

    Chapter 3 Global Market Competition by Manufacturers

    Chapter 4 Global Production, Revenue (Value) by Region

    Chapter 5 Global Supply (Production), Consumption, Export, Import by Regions

    Chapter 6 Global Production, Revenue (Value), Price Trend by Type

    Chapter 7 Global Market Analysis by Application

    Chapter 8 Manufacturing Cost Analysis

    Chapter 9 Industrial Chain, Sourcing Strategy and Downstream Buyers

    Chapter 10 Marketing Strategy Analysis, Distributors/Traders

    Chapter 11 Market Effect Factors Analysis

    Chapter 12 – Global Ductless Heating and Cooling Systems Market Forecast

    How Reports Globe is different from other market research providers:

    The creation of Reports Globe has been underpinned by providing clients with a holistic view of market conditions and future possibilities/opportunities to derive maximum benefit from their business and assist in decision making. Our team of in-house analysts and consultants work tirelessly to understand your needs and provide the best possible solutions to meet your research needs.

    Our team at Reports Globe follows a rigorous data validation process, which allows us to publish publisher reports with minimal or no deviation. Reports Globe collects, separates and publishes over 500 reports each year covering products and services in many areas.

    Contact us:

    Mr. Mark Williams

    Account Manager

    WE: +1-970-672-0390

    E-mail: [email protected]


  • ]]>
    Frost inside? That’s because Australian homes are more akin to tents than detached eco-buildings | Philip Oldfield Mon, 13 Jun 2022 03:15:00 +0000

    AWhen winter sets in and temperatures drop, it can sometimes be as cold inside as it is outside. The reason for this is the poor thermal performance of houses in Australia. Our homes must be quickly improved to fight against climate change, fight against energy poverty and improve our daily lives.

    Minimum building standards for energy and comfort in Australian homes lag far behind many regions. Fifty years ago, it was the oil shocks of the 1970s that sparked the creation of energy standards for buildings in Europe and North America, and a widespread shift to double glazing, increased insulation and concern for efficiency. energy. In Australia, it was not until the 1990s that minimum insulation requirements appeared. It wasn’t until 2003 that the Australian Building Code set energy efficiency standards for homes across the country.

    The performance of our homes is governed by the National Home Energy Rating System (NatHERS for short). Ratings range from 0 stars, for a home that would provide no weather protection, to 10 stars, where virtually no artificial heating or cooling is needed year-round. The current minimum performance for new homes is 6 stars, which has been in place since 2011. However, the average Australian home is only 1.8 stars. It is perhaps closer to a tent than a modern eco-house.

    Australian housing then leaves much to be desired in terms of comfort and energy. Single glazing is still typical, whereas in Sweden double glazing has been required by building codes since 1960, with triple glazing now the norm in many colder climates. Australian homes are also leaking. Older homes may have an “airtightness” of more than 30 changes per hour – that is to say that all the air they contain will escape 30 times per hour at 50 pascals of pressure. In newer homes it is closer to 10 to 15 air changes. In comparison a high performance “Passivhaus” benefits from 0.6 or less air changes per hour. For many of us, we pay thousands of dollars a year to heat our homes, only to have that heat escape directly through the cracks in the walls.

    What is the impact of this? Exorbitant bills for beginners. Estimates from 2015 suggest about 28% of Australian households suffer from some form of energy poverty – i.e. they struggle to pay their energy bills or they limit their energy consumption to the detriment of their health to stay affordable. Although soaring energy prices are driving this, leaky uninsulated homes can amplify the effects. Take a 180 square meter house in Canberra. If this received a 2-star NatHERS rating, it would have to 27,349 kWh of electricity. If we assume $0.20/kWh, the cost would be $5,470 per year. A 6-star home would require 8,249 kWh and cost $1,650, while a 10-star home would only need 100 kWh, which would only cost $20 per year.

    The most vulnerable feel the effects most acutely. Research by UNSW found indoor temperatures in social housing as low as 5°C in winter and as high as 39.8°C in summer. The health impacts of this go beyond discomfort, with cold homes linked to increased blood pressure, asthma, poor mental health, respiratory and cardiovascular disease.

    There are two solutions to this crisis. First, we need to significantly strengthen our building regulations. Why is this important? We know that more three-quarters of new homes are built to minimum performance requirements – few go beyond that. The good news is that Australian regulations will increase the minimum performance from 6 stars to 7 stars from September. Although this is a start, we will always be behind the EU, where all new buildings must meet almost zero energy performance – these are buildings that consume very little energy.

    Arguably, upgrading our new homes is the easy part. The second solution is that we must radically modernize our existing buildings.

    There are some DIY options – insulating the attic, sealing gaps around windows, etc. But for meaningful energy savings, we need to undertake “deep retrofits” – that is, the systematic upgrading of walls, roof, floor and windows while simultaneously installing heating and cooling systems. cooling. This may require extensive work and subsequent expense. The recent renovation of the Little Loft House in Canberra increased energy efficiency from 3.8 stars to 7.7 stars, at a cost of $400,000.

    Achieving this on a national scale would require significant government support, focusing first on the most vulnerable – social housing, people with disabilities, the elderly. Perhaps we can look to Italy, where the recent 110% superbonus system allows homeowners to benefit from a tax credit of up to 110% of the cost of renovating their home.

    There’s no place like home, or so the saying goes. But if that house is cold, moldy, expensive to heat, and unsanitary, it can also be an incredible source of stress, discomfort, and cost. We have the opportunity to improve this by tightening our building regulations and extensively renovating existing homes. We’ve been behind much of the world for far too long.

    Philip Oldfield is director of the UNSW School of the Built Environment and a researcher in sustainable and low-carbon architecture

    ]]> Washington board moves closer to banning natural gas in new homes | Washington Fri, 10 Jun 2022 21:16:00 +0000

    (The Center Square) – The Washington State Building Code Council Technical Advisory Group Friday morning passed a motion disapproving of a proposed code that would require new residential buildings to be built all-electric.

    But that was largely a moot point in that earlier this month the group passed two proposals that would result in an effective ban on traditional HVAC systems and natural gas in residential buildings. One would require space heating to be all-electric, and the other would require water heating to be all-electric.

    “We believe electrification is a very important step for Washington, but based on this TAG’s previous actions – and the discussions and testimonials we’ve already heard – we believe that TAG’s time would be better spent elsewhere, so we’d like to actually ask for a disapproval, so we can just move on,” said Sean Denniston, senior project manager at the New Buildings Institute in Portland, Oregon, who presented the three proposals.

    The motion of disapproval passed unanimously by voice vote during the virtual meeting.

    Todd Myers, director of the Center for the Environment at the Washington Policy Center, spoke to The Center Square about what it all means.

    “The effect over time is to make all-electric much more preferable, even mandatory, he said.

    Myers says the requirements for building all-electric homes are based on outdated and inaccurate information that could drive up the cost of building homes.

    According to the findings of his to researchnew estimates from all-electric proponents show construction costs for electrification making homes more expensive, updated utility cost projections turn savings into costs, CO2 emissions estimates are seriously flawed, and restrictions proposed would add nothing to the total CO2 reductions.

    The latter two points were raised by Myers at last Friday’s TAG meeting which saw the group pass the requirement that water heating be all-electric.

    “So what you have to ask is not if it reduces CO2 emissions, but if the increased cost is worth it to ease the transition, which I think is speculative,” Myers said. to the group.

    Proponents of all-electric, Myers said, claim that money will be saved over time on costs, but that does nothing to help people trying to rent or buy a home.

    That was a point raised by Andrea Smith, head of government affairs policy and research for the Building Industry Association of Washington, at Tuesday’s TAG meeting where the motion requiring space heating to be fully electric was adopted.

    “That means an all-electric home would cost 22,000 in our state,” she said. “We have a housing and homelessness crisis right now, and, you know, it’s good that heat pumps provide cooling, but it’s not so good if you can’t afford to shelter you in the first place.”

    She went on to say that this would be a “sad day for housing affordability for our state,” adding, “This just sends a signal to Washingtonians, our neighbors, and our loved ones that reducing greenhouse gas emissions greenhouse is more important than their right to be sheltered.”

    The all-electric push is the result of a state law requiring the SBCC to update the energy code to reduce buildings’ annual energy use by 70% by 2031 from a reference from 2006.

    In March, the CCSC voted to require new commercial and multi-family construction to have all-electric heating and hot water systems.

    Some natural gas supporters have lamented that governing as an unelected body making a roundabout way around the state legislature, which in its last two sessions has refused to pass bills banning natural gas.

    These proposals will now go to the full CCSC later this year.

    ]]> Smart Home Market Analysis Impact Followed by Constraints and Opportunities and Projected Developments (2021-2028) – mbu timeline Thu, 09 Jun 2022 06:37:35 +0000

    The Global smart home market report creates a comprehensive database, including development trends, competition analysis and other key elements. The Smart Home Market research report infers accurate insights after a thorough examination of the industry. A thorough analysis of other aspects of the market i.e. supply and demand dynamics, import and export status, supply chain and production is crucial for business owners, investors and professionals, and this survey helps them get ahead of the competition. against other players in the smart home market.

    The global smart home market size reached USD 75.43 billion in 2020 and is expected to register a double-digit CAGR of 11.9% during the forecast period. Market revenue growth is primarily driven by the growing need to improve energy efficiency in homes to reduce energy bills and carbon emissions. Smart home technology gives deployers more precise control over a home’s heating and cooling with programmable smart thermostats that help achieve better energy efficiency in a building. Consumers are increasingly adopting home automation systems as they eliminate power consumption from unattended devices and appliances that are not required to be running at all times. Improved device functionality achieved through the use of smart home appliances is expected to drive the deployment of smart home technologies. Smart home appliances include some such as smart air conditioners, smart refrigerators, and smart washing machines, which are based on IoT platforms and have energy saving functions.

    For a sample in-depth research report, click here! @

    All key information has been demonstrated via tables, charts, graphs, and images to give business players a comprehensive understanding of the Smart Home market. The Global Smart Home Industry report assesses the performance of industry players across the globe, expansion strategy adopted by the, their business initiatives and SWOT analysis have been included in this study.

    Report Scope:

    The study covers different aspects of the market from growth prospects, competitive landscape among key players, cost and profit of the geographies included in the report. This provides the reader with a comprehensive overview of the existing competition in the industry. Several prominent players in the smart home market have been profiled in the report with all relevant details in a well-structured segment. The report also discusses major development areas, project launches, business overview, product/service specifications, Porter’s Five Forces Analysis, investment opportunity, revenue generation and emerging trends.

    The main companies studied in the report are:

    Honeywell, Siemens, Johnson Controls, Schneider Electric, Amazon, Apple Inc., ADT Security Services, Robert Bosch, Assa Abloy and ABB

    The survey also explains the challenges faced by the existing businesses in the industry and how the reader can avoid them to capitalize on the opportunities present in the same space. The study offers a detailed review of key market aspects, latest market trends, and industry-wide market segmentation. The Smart Home market size has been calculated in terms of value and volume over the forecast years.

    To get an amazing discount on this report available for a limited time, [email protected]

    They also focus on the presence of leading smart home industry players in the regional markets and the strategies they are adopting to generate sustainable growth over the forecast years. The main objective of this study is to offer an overview of market dynamics, historical data evaluation, observed trends, current market value and volume, Porter’s Five Forces Analysis , review of upstream and downstream industries, latest technological developments, cost analysis and effective regulatory framework in the sector based on robust research methodologies.

    The segments covered in this report are:

    • Software and Services Outlook (Revenue, USD Billion; 2018-2028)

    • Product Outlook (Revenue, USD Billion; 2018-2028)

      • Energy management
      • Lighting systems
      • Security Monitoring
      • HVAC control
      • Entertainment Control
      • Others
    • Regional Outlook (Revenue, USD Billion; 2018-2028)

      • North America
        1. WE
        2. Canada
        3. Mexico
      • Europe
        1. Germany
        2. France
        3. UK
        4. BENELUX
        5. Italy
        6. Spain
        7. The rest of Europe
      • Asia Pacific
        1. China
        2. Japan
        3. South Korea
        4. India
        5. Rest of APAC
      • Latin America
        1. Brazil
        2. Rest of LATAM
      • Middle East and Africa
        1. Saudi Arabia
        2. United Arab Emirates
        3. South Africa
        4. Rest of MEA

    Browse Full Report Description + Research Methodology + Table of Contents + [email protected]

    The study provides a wide-ranging survey of the smart home market in major regions. With the analysis of the global smart home market, the analysts attempt to highlight the growth prospects as the market players attempt to dominate the various regional markets. Our team accurately predicts the market share, CAGR, production capacity, consumption rate, cost, revenue, and any other critical aspect that will influence the rise of the regional markets studied in this report.

    The global market has been categorized in this report as follows:

    North America (United States, Canada and Mexico)
    Europe (Germany, United Kingdom, France, Italy, Russia, Spain and Benelux)
    Asia Pacific (China, Japan, India, Southeast Asia and Australia)
    Latin America (Brazil, Argentina and Colombia)
    Middle East and Africa

    Buy your exclusivity [email protected]

    Settings Details
    Market size estimation period 2021 – 2028
    Base year considered 2020
    Historical data 2017 – 2019
    Forecast period 2021 – 2028
    Quantitative units Revenue in USD Million and CAGR from 2020 to 2028
    Segments Covered Types, applications, end users, regions and more.
    Report cover Revenue Forecast, Business Ranking, Competitive Landscape, Growth Factors and Trends
    Regional scope North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America, Middle East and Africa
    Scope of customization 10 hours of free customization and expert consultation
    Pricing and purchase options Explore different shopping options and ask for discount to enjoy New Year’s discount

    Summary of key points of the Smart Home market report:-
    1) In-depth analysis of sales figures globally, with a focus on revenue and market share for key geographies globally.
    2) The Smart Home competitive scenario, distribution, revenue and market share of major vendors have been thoroughly examined by assessing the global market.
    3) Smart Home sales channel, manufacturers, customers, latest research and key findings, appendix and comprehensive database have been covered in this report.
    4) The competitive landscape has also been inspected in this report to give an analysis of the leading vendors in the industry, their growth profiles, strategies and tactics, etc., which would help investors to make informed decisions.
    5) The report estimates the size of Smart Home submarkets present in key geographies (along with their respective countries).
    6) It profiles key players and thoroughly analyzes their expansion strategies.
    7) It focuses on the key global Smart Home players to outline, describe and evaluate the size, market share, competitive scenario, Porter’s Five Forces Analysis and strategic initiatives in next few years.

    Main stakeholders

    raw material suppliers
    Regulatory authorities governing the sector, including government agencies
    Commercial research and development (R&D) institutions
    Importers and exporters

    You have specific requirements for the Smart Home market report? Consult our industry expert regarding report coverage @

    Latest reports published by Emergen Research:

    Micro-mobility market

    IoT Chip Market

    Predictive and Prescriptive Analytics Market

    Stem Cell Therapy Market

    Autonomous vehicle market

    Automotive Regenerative Braking System Market

    Electric Vehicle Fast Charging System Market

    hydroponics market

    clinical decision support systems market

    Smart Agriculture Market

    About Emergen Research

    Emergen Research is a market research and consulting firm that provides syndicated research reports, custom research reports, and consulting services. Our solutions are uniquely focused on your goal of locating, targeting and analyzing changes in consumer behavior across demographics, across industries, and helping customers make smarter business decisions. We offer market intelligence research ensuring relevant and factual research across multiple sectors including health, touchpoints, chemicals, types and energy. We are constantly updating our search offerings to ensure that our clients are aware of the latest trends existing in the market. Emergen Research has a strong base of experienced analysts from a variety of areas of expertise. Our industry experience and ability to develop a workable solution to any research problem gives our clients the ability to secure an edge over their respective competitors.

    Contact us:

    Eric Lee

    Corporate Sales Specialist

    Emerging research | Web:

    Direct Line: +1 (604) 757-9756

    E-mail: [email protected]

    Emergen Research Media Quotes:

    Visit for more information:

    Explore our Personalized information services | Growth Consulting Services

    Landscaping Company in Asheville NC Gets Another Five-Star Review Mon, 06 Jun 2022 16:18:41 +0000

    green landscapes Landscaping & Retaining Walls, an Asheville, NC-based landscaping contractor, is proud to announce it has received another five-star rating. The owner was pleased with the landscaping services and work done for their retaining wall. Some of the services offered by Greenscapes include the installation of large trees, yard maintenance and quality landscaping. Landscaping, when done right, can dramatically improve the overall curb appeal and value of the property.

    Lisa W. gave Greenscapes five stars on Google and said, “I am very pleased with Greenscape’s Landscaping service, price and quality of work. Ryan and his team built additional steps on a retaining wall that someone else had installed. The previous company didn’t build the steps far enough and they wouldn’t come back to complete the job. Also, the previous company had left piles of clay all over the lower part of my property. It was a mess – the clay was tracked everywhere! After constructing the steps, Ryan leveled the entire site, removed debris, and spread pine straw over a large area. I wish they had finished the project from scratch – it looks so much better now. Also, they filled the retaining wall with some nice garden soil to replace the clay. They also planted a huge green Arborvitae tree for me and covered an extra large garden with pine straw. The crew worked hard, cleaned the area after them, they even stayed very late several evenings to finish the job on time. […] I have many more landscaping projects planned and will definitely continue to use Greenscapes.

    Other owner reviews are also available for those who are interested, such as reviews on the Home Advisor site. Meanwhile, Ryan Endres, owner of Greenscapes Landscaping & Retaining Walls, says: “We are very proud to have received another five star rating as it shows that we are well on our way to achieving our goal of providing excellent service. customer. Rest assured that we will continue to do our best in the delivery of our services.

    One of the main benefits of landscaping as a way to improve a home’s curb appeal is that it doesn’t necessarily require a large budget and a large amount of effort. Expenses can indeed be adjusted according to the available budget. And there is also greater flexibility in the choice of landscape components and vegetation according to the owner’s needs and preferences.

    A well-maintained landscape can provide a cleaner, cleaner environment for the property. Home sellers can actually expect a 5.5-18% higher selling price if the home has a clean and tidy landscape.

    Landscaping is more than just planting and includes pools, fire pits, ponds, fences, lighting adjustments and garden paths. Adding exterior rooms, terraces and decks is exceptionally good for increasing property value by many times. Although landscape structures require significant maintenance and investment, they are useful in adding value and reducing the curb appeal of the property.

    Additionally, the strategic placement of trees can also help reduce energy bills by reducing the home’s heating and cooling needs. And installing lighting systems will not only enhance the value and beauty of the property. It will also improve safety and security through the use of outdoor lighting and lighting of key areas, such as side doors, sliding doors, porch and garage.

    Established in 2001, Greenscapes Landscaping & Retaining Walls is a provider of different types of services including demolition, landscaping, retaining wall, patios, seating, decks, outdoor kitchens, waterfalls and of ponds. Some of the projects they have completed include: landscaping transformation for back yard soil erosion landslide in Waynesville; outdoor stone kitchen and fire pit at Candler; river rock waterfall and boulder wall in Buncombe County; Chimney Rock landscaping design that expanded backyard space for entertaining; and more.

    Those looking for a Asheville Landscaping Company can visit the Greenscapes Landscaping & Retaining Walls website, or contact them by phone or email. They are open from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m., Monday to Saturday.


    For more information about Greenscapes landscaping and retaining walls, contact the company here:

    Landscaping and retaining walls
    Ryan Endres
    [email protected]875 Tunnel Road #A
    Asheville, North Carolina 28805